C. Real Conservation ActionsC1. Binding planning of intervention
Aim of the action is the implementation of the project's environmental results within the Environmental Plan, in order to apply the best practices identified in the whole Park area.
The project aims to define the areas that have to undergo the binding actions, and then to start their ecological-functional renovation starting from the raw data resulting from the action A1.C2. Restoration of the hydrogeological balance
With this project it is provided to work in some specific areas where there are still karst springs in a critical status, with the purpose of improving the water management, of safeguarding the above mentioned karst springs, of restoring their connection with the river system, guaranteeing the continuity of the water resource and the adequate water supply to the wet areas sometimes surrounding the karst springs.
This action develops as a pilot intervention, and this modus operandi - if the monitoring activities will confirm the effectiveness of the action - will be extended to the whole karst spring system directly or indirectly feeding the Sile river.C3. Restoration of the riparian habitats
The restoration of the riparian habitats connected with the Sile River system is carried out with the purpose of the conservation, the environmental improvement and of the restoration of the typical habitats of the wet areas along the Sile's riverbanks. The works also aim at increasing the river functionality and take shape as "pilot" interventions to test the best techniques that will become operational and binding guidelines to be included in the variation of the Park's Environmental Plan. C4. Actions for the autochthonous water fauna
The actions for the autochthonous water fauna aim at restoring the biodiversity and especially the fish species of community interest in the Natura 2000 areas this project is dedicated to: Salmo trutta marmoratus, Austropotamobius pallipes, Cottus gobio and Lampetra zanandreai, Barbus plebejus listed in the Annex II of the Council Directive 92/43/EEC, and the Thymallus thymallus, a species of significant conservation interest listed in the Presidential Decrees 357/97 and 120/003, and included in the IUCN Red List as "endangered". C5. Control and eradication of the Silurus glanis
This action aims at identifying and normalizing the best ways to fight, limit and eradicate the welsh catfish, guaranteeing the conservation of the autochthonous fish populations of the Sile river, and the restoration of the ecological balance of the whole ecosystem. The actions for the control and eradication of the welsh catfish will be mainly carried out in the stretches of the river where the preliminary action A3 will find the biggest and better structured populations. C6. Control and eradication of the Procambarus clarkii and other NICS
The main threatening factor for the autochthonous species Austropotamobius pallipes is the competition with the Non Indigenous Crayfish Species (N.I.C.S.). Another problem related to the allochthonous species is the spread of diseases.
Therefore the project provides actions to control the allochthonous species and to develop local people's awareness, and to define the most suitable places to carry out possible projects to restore and to reintroduce the autochthonous species.C7. Control and eradication of the Trachemys scripta ssp. and other exotic swamp turtles
This action provides the executive planning of the ex-ante monitoring in order to verify the sites where the Emys orbicularis and Trachemys scripta ssp are present, and the overlapping sites of ecological niche of both species. During the next phase the action provides the active intervention, consisting in the capture, marking and recapture of the Emys orbicularis specimens - in order to make a numerical assessment of the present populations possible - and in the delivery of the Trachemys scripta spp. specimens to the collection center. C8. Facilities
In the area of the Sile's karst springs there is a stretch of peatland representing one of the last stretches of this kind of habitats in the whole SCI. This peatland is characterized by an out-of-control visitors flow moving on foot or by bike and crossing it to shorten the way between the access zone and the area near the springs. The projects provides the creation of a path allowing visitors to leave the cars in the car park and to go on foot without damaging the habitats. C9. Participation of the farmers and fostering of the agricultural-environmental measures of the PSR Veneto
The project's intervention area is situated in a markedly agricultural territory, especially for the production of fodder, cereals and plants for the vegetable oil production; and many cultivated lands are located within the Sile Park perimeter. Since agriculture can deeply affect the conservation of nature in the areas where it is practiced, it is necessary to direct such activity in order to limit the direct and indirect impacts that can be damaging for the safeguard of the valuable species.
The goal of the present action is to encourage the farms to join the measures which finance the adoption of farming practices consistent with the specific needs of safeguarding the territory, especially considering the "water" element.